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Prodigal Son

John Patrick Shanley digs deep into his past and creates a brilliant portrait of the artist as young rebel seeking his identity at an exclusive prep school. 

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Robert Sean Leonard and Timothée Chalamet in a scene from John Patrick Shanley’s “Prodigal Son” (Photo credit: Joan Marcus)

Robert Sean Leonard and Timothée Chalamet in a scene from John Patrick Shanley’s “Prodigal Son” (Photo credit: Joan Marcus)

[avatar user=”Victor Gluck” size=”96″ align=”left” ] Victor Gluck, Editor-in-Chief[/avatar]John Patrick Shanley digs deep into his past and creates a brilliant portrait of the artist as young rebel seeking his identity at an exclusive prep school. Based on autobiographical experiences and directed by the author, Prodigal Son describes the two years from 1965 to 1967 when the young Shanley, a tough kid from a working class neighborhood in the Bronx, having been thrown out of Cardinal Spellman High School at the end of his sophomore year, received a scholarship to the tony Thomas More Preparatory School in old world New Hampshire. Arriving on campus, he found himself in an intellectual Eden but also a fish out of water. “It was a special, beautiful room in hell,” he tells us.

For the first time, Jim Quinn (as he calls his alter ego in the play) is taken seriously as a writer and thinker, but in trying to find himself he has to challenge the authorities and his classmates. He lies, steals, drinks, and beats up the freshmen who make fun of his Bronx accent. He is already an autodidact having read Omar Khayyam, Walt Whitman, Lord Byron, Socrates, Plato, Dostoyevsky and Freud on his own and having strong opinions about them. He is an iconoclastic who refuses to see the greatness in T.S. Eliot and wants to tear down such revered figures, and he challenges accepted beliefs about religion. But he is also a romantic, half in love with the swashbuckling novels of Rafael Sabatini. It pains him that he has such an ordinary, unheroic name if he is destined for great things. Like Heraclitus, he believes that “character is destiny.”

We see him with three of his teachers: Alan Hoffman, head of the English Department, a bachelor who every year makes a project of one of the students, and who sees great things in Jim; Carl Schmitt, the headmaster, an idealist and devout Catholic who wants to forward Jim’s chances but not at the expense of the rules or his own religious beliefs, and his wife Louise, with whom Jim takes a year-long English tutorial in “The Wasteland,” compassionate and understanding, who admires Jim’s poetry and attempts to open his mind to new ideas. We also see him in his thorny relationship with his traditional roommate Austin, nephew of the headmaster, a math nerd, who also has trouble finding a girlfriend but while Austin is still afraid of women, Jim finds they don’t come up to his high standards.

Up until almost the end, the tension of this long one act is purely intellectual as Jim challenges everyone’s beliefs as well as the school’s rules. Then as we approach the end of his two years at Thomas More, there is the pressing question of whether Jim will graduate having been implicated in one too many infractions. Shanley overloads the ending with too many revelations on the part of the faculty, secrets which have not been properly foreshadowed. Nevertheless, the play is always engrossing and the portrait of Jim Quinn (as he tells us in a program note, drawn from life) is fully three dimensional: a young man seeking to be Hemingway and Jack Kerouac rolled into one but with much more intellectual heft.

Timothée Chalmet and Annika Boras in a scene from John Patrick Shanley’s “Prodigal Son” (Photo credit: Joan Marcus)

Timothée Chalamet and Annika Boras in a scene from John Patrick Shanley’s “Prodigal Son” (Photo credit: Joan Marcus)

Television and film actor Timothée Chalamet (Showtime’s Homeland and Christopher Nolan’s Interstellar) makes an impressive New York stage debut as the play’s young protagonist. The role is almost too small to contain his bigger-than-life portrayal: kinetic, animated, provoking, questioning, vital, dynamic. His moods turn on a dime and he can shift from being a sophisticated adult back to being a little boy in a moment. Tall and lanky, he suggests the author but as he must have looked back in 1965. Also making his Manhattan Theatre Club debut, David Potters as his roommate Austin is tremendously sympathetic as a young man afraid of breaking the rules who has led a very sheltered life up until now.

The adult actors are well cast though their roles are not quite as interesting. Tony winner Robert Sean Leonard (as poet A.E. Housman in Stoppard’s The Invention of Love) is much more subtle and ambiguous than usual as the English teacher who is impressed by Jim’s mind and spirit. Chris McGarry, who has appeared in many Shanley plays including Doubt on tour and the MTC productions of Defiance and Where’s My Money?, gives a layered performance as the conflicted headmaster who has demons of his own. Dispensing tea and sympathy as well as intellectual stimulation, Annika Boras gives a very beautifully modulated performance as the headmaster’s wife with contentious opinions of her own.

A good deal of the success of the production is due to Santo Loquasto’s atmospheric setting. Before a dream-like vision of an old mansion which houses the school, surrounded by birch trees in winter, various sets of classrooms, a dorm room, and faculty housing slide into place. Jennifer von Mayrhauser’s costumes always suggest the divide between Jim and the life to which he is being introduced. The lighting by Natasha Katz alternates between the warm and cozy and the wintry feel of deep New Hampshire. The melancholy music with its guitar strains is the work of 1960’s icon Paul Simon.

Prodigal Son is a memory play of darkest adolescence told with tremendous authority and the shock of recognition. It may just be John Patrick Shanley’s best play in years. Its portrait of a youth extravagantly wasteful of his talents as he waits to understand what people see in him is one that we all can identify with even if we have not attended a prep school. Also see the play for the remarkable debut of Timothée Chalamet from whom much more should be seen in the future.

Prodigal Son (extended through March 27, 2016)

Manhattan Theatre Club

New York City Center, Stage I, 131 W. 55th Street, in Manhattan

For tickets, call 212-581-1212 or visit

Running time: 100 minutes with no intermission

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About Victor Gluck, Editor-in-Chief (991 Articles)
Victor Gluck was a drama critic and arts journalist with Back Stage from 1980 – 2006. He started reviewing for in 2006, where he was also Associate Editor from 2011-2013, and has been Editor-in-Chief since 2014. He is a voting member of The Drama Desk, the Outer Critics Circle, the American Theatre Critics Association, and the Dramatists Guild of America. His plays have been performed at the Quaigh Theatre, Ryan Repertory Company, St. Clements Church, Nuyorican Poets Café and The Gene Frankel Playwrights/Directors Lab.

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